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“I will save my people from their sins” – The influence of Ezekiel 36-37 on Matthew 1

Matthean scholars are nearly unanimous that LXX Psalm 129:8 [MT
130:8] is the allusive background to Matthew 1:21 notwithstanding
formidable semantic differences. Ezekiel 36:28b-29a; 37:23b, however,
provides a more convincing and more fruitful conceptual background
for Matthew’s programmatic verse. Semantic and thematic
considerations bear this out. The result of reading Matthew 1:21
through the lens of Ezekiel 36:28b-29a; 37:23b is the selection of
frames for reading the rest of the gospel in terms of the prophet’s
vision for Israel’s restoration from exile.
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